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The bonding mechanism of adhesives (Part Two)

Views:5     Author:Site Editor     Publish Time: 2018-10-26      Origin:Site

Bonding is a kind of technology with high comprehensiveness and complicated influencing factors, and the existing bonding theory is based on a certain aspect to explain its principle, so the only comprehensive theory so far is not available.


Previously, iSuoChem group had introduced an article based on weak boundary theory and diffusion theory.


In this article, we will discuss the third theory - adsorption theory.


In the adhesives industry, adsorption theory is also one of the most well-known theories in the relevant industry.

The adsorption of solids on adhesives is seen as the main reason for the bonding, called the adsorption theory of bonding.

The theory holds that the main source of adhesion is the molecular force of the bonding system, namely van der Waals gravitational force and hydrogen bonding force. Adhesion and adhesion to the surface of the adherend have some of the same properties as the adsorption force. There are two processes in the action of the adhesive molecules on the surface of the adherend:

The first stage is that the liquid adhesive molecules diffuse toward the surface of the adherend by means of Brownian motion, bringing the polar groups or links of the two interfaces closer to each other. During this process, warming, application of contact pressure, and reduction in viscosity of the adhesive all contribute to Brownian motion enhancement.


The second stage is the generation of adsorption force. When the distance between the adhesive and the molecules of the adherend reaches 5-10, the mutual attraction between the interface molecules is generated, and the distance between the molecules is further shortened to the maximum stable state.

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According to the calculation, due to the effect of van der Waals force, when the two ideal planes are 10?, the gravitational strength between them can reach 10-1000 MPa; when the distance is 3-4, it can reach 100-1000 MPa. This value far exceeds the strength that modern best structural adhesives can achieve. Therefore, it has been considered that as long as the two objects are in good contact, that is, the adhesive is sufficiently wetted to the bonding interface to achieve the desired state, only the effect of the dispersing force is sufficient to produce a high bonding strength. However, the actual bond strength differs greatly from the theoretical calculation because the mechanical strength of the solid is a mechanical property, not a molecular property, and its size depends on each local property of the material and is not equal to the sum of the molecular forces. The calculated value assumes that the two ideal planes are in close contact and that the interaction between the pairs of molecules on the interface layer is simultaneously destroyed, and it is impossible to ensure that the forces between the pairs of molecules occur simultaneously.

The polarity of the adhesive is too high, sometimes severely hampering the wetting process and reducing the adhesion. Intermolecular forces are factors that provide adhesion, but not the only factor. In some special cases, other factors can also play a leading role.


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